Demographics

Demographics

According to the first population census after the declaration of independence, carried out in December 1960 and covering the entire island, Cyprus had a total population of 573,566, with Greek Cypriots comprising 77% of the island's population and Turkish Cypriots 18% (other nationals accounted for the remaining 5%).  According to the last census covering the entire island (April 1973), the population of Cyprus was 631,778 with the Turkish Cypriots estimated at 19% of the total (about 120,000).

In 2008 the Republic of Cyprus Statistical Service put the Greek-Cypriot side of the island's population at 796,900.  The population of the occupied area was estimated in 2005 at 256,000.  Of these some 70,000 were settlers from Turkey.  Thus the total population exceeds 1 million.

Cyprus has seen a large influx of guest-workers from countries such as Thailand, the Philippines and Sri Lanka, as well as major increases in the numbers of permanent Russian, British or other EU residents.  There are sizeable communities from Russia and Ukraine (mostly Pontian Greeks, immigrating after the fall of the eastern bloc), Bulgaria, Romania, and Eastern European states.  By the end of 2007, about 124,000 immigrants were settled in Cyprus, the three largest groups being 37,000 Greeks, 27,000 Britons and 10,000 Russians.  The island is also home to a Maronite minority of 6,000, an Armenian minority of around 2,000 and refugees mainly from Serbia, Palestine and Lebanon. There is also a Kurdish minority present in Cyprus.

Outside Cyprus there is a significant and thriving Cypriot diaspora in other countries, with the United States, the United Kingdom, Greece and Australia hosting the majority of the migrants who left the island after the de facto division in 1974.  In the United Kingdom alone it is estimated that there are 150,000 Cypriots.

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