Energy Performance Certificates

Thursday, 9 April 2015


Buildings account for 40% of energy consumption in the European Union. The reduction of energy consumption and the use of renewable energy in the building sector constitute important measures needed to reduce green house gases and energy emissions which in turn should strengthen the security of our energy supply. 


Law: Energy Performance of Buildings (Energy Certification of Buildings) Regulations 2009 (K.D.P. 164/2009)

Similar to the grades advertised for electrical appliances they range from A (most efficient) to G (least efficient). Grade A or B is considered acceptable. The report produced is a thick booklet with a summary page. It shows the energy efficiency rating which states how much the home costs to run (per square meter) and the environmental impact rating or how much carbon dioxide is released into the environment because of the home. A recommended improvements section forms part of the report so that the owner can improve the energy efficiency of the building if they wish.

To improve the grade of your property we suggest the following:

  • Use low energy light bulbs (LED)
  • Add loft insulation
  • Attach draught blockers on windows and doors
  • Put up thick curtains to keep in heat
  • Shade windows for summer
  • Install double glazing and aluminium window frames
  • Use energy efficient appliances and air-conditioning
  • Install solar panels
  • Add geothermal or photovoltaic systems
  • Implement a condensing boiler
  • Regularly maintain air conditioning, central heating and boilers
  • Block off fireplaces that are not in use
  • Keep inside temperature of the home as low as possible (1 degree rise costs 10% extra in fuel costs)
  • Use an intelligent thermostat that can save 20% by judging the difference between inside and outside temperatures before starting the heating up


Since 1st Jan 2010, Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) are now compulsory in Cyprus for all properties that are offered for long term let or sale that were built before 10th January 2007. Buildings built after that date will already be awarded class A or B.


Owners and agents are held jointly liable and can be fined up to a maximum of 30,000 Euros for failure to produce a certificate. It is our responsibility as ethical agents to follow the law which has been in place since 2010 to encourage our owner and sellers to obtain their EPCs. If you already entered into a rental agreement prior to 1st Jan 2010 and you are still living in the property the owner does not need to supply you with an EPC. Properties smaller than 50m2 covered area are exempt.


Only a handful of engineers in Paphos are qualified by the Ministry of Energy to perform the evaluation and it involves using a computer program with special software adapted from the UK authority to meet Cyprus building regulations. The starting point is to send the title deeds, plans/drawings and site map to the engineer. Next they will require information on how the house was constructed. One hundred and twenty checkpoints are then measured including the age, construction, insulation, layout, lighting, number of supporting beams, roof type, window treatment, heating/cooling systems and domestic electric kitchen equipment e.g. fridge, washing machine, dishwasher. Standard assumptions are made about how many people will live in the property and how many hours the equipment will be on each day. Also average fuel prices are used on the day the EPC is created. The coefficients are fed into a computer and a report is produced with a unique number given by the ministry. The grade is subsequently lodged in their data base and the report is issued to the owner. The whole process can take around one week depending on the size and complexity of the property.


For properties with an EPC we will publish the grade on the advert so that tenants and purchasers can make informed decisions when comparing properties. They will be able to consider the energy performance and fuel cost as well as the amount of energy coming from renewable sources. However, since some of the contributing factors would be assumed by the input calculations, the actual fuel cost would depend on how long the temperature control systems, lights and appliances are actually left on for.

In the future, regular maintenance of boilers, heating systems and air conditioning may be made compulsory. It is also possible that the law will change and a minimum energy performance may be required. The EU goals are:

(A) establishing a general framework for a methodology of calculation of the overall energy performance of buildings;

(B) setting minimum efficiency requirements for new buildings and building units,

(C) the setting of minimum energy performance requirements for existing buildings and building units that undergo major renovation,

(D) the setting of minimum energy performance requirements on elements of the building envelope when they are retrofitted or replaced,

(E) issuing energy performance certificates for all new buildings and building units and all buildings and building units that are rented or sold,

(F) the establishment of regular inspections of heating boiler and air conditioning systems,

(G) the establishment of requirements concerning the proper design, installation, setup and operation of technical systems installed in existing buildings or replaced or upgraded,

(H) the promotion of buildings with almost zero energy aiming for all new buildings constructed after December 31, 2020 to be with almost zero energy

A new subsidy scheme offers 50% for houses up to 15,000 euros and 50% for businesses up to 200,000 euros. For older properties that wish to take advantage of the government grants to upgrade their energy performance we can introduce them to qualified workmen who can reduce the energy lost on any building by making the necessary improvements which have been suggested in the engineers report. The recommendations are split into low and high cost improvements. There is even an advanced suggestion section that could take the property to the highest level of energy efficiency. Some of these improvements could be expensive and take longer to break even.


The cost of the EPC is borne by the owner of the property. It only needs to be completed once every ten years. We estimate that EPCs will cost 2.5 e / m 2 but the price varies wildly from technician to technician therefore it is prudent to use a engineer that has been recommended by a professional estate agent. 

Useful Resources


Michalis Mourouzides



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Sandefol Court, 3rd  Floor,                      

POB 60076, 8100, Pafos, Cyprus          


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